Types of Logic

SYLLOGISTIC LOGIC
Aristotle defined syllogism as, "a discourse in which, certain things having been supposed, something different from the things' supposed results of necessity because these things are so."

SENTENTIAL LOGIC
A propositional calculus or logic (also a sentential calculus) is a formal system in which formulae representing propositions can be formed by combining atomic propositions using logical connectives, and a system of formal proof rules allows certain formulae to be established as "theorems."

PREDICATE LOGIC
A generic term for symbolic formal systems with formulas containing quantifiable variables.

MATHEMATICAL LOGIC
Deals with the application of logic to mathematics as well as the application of mathematics to logical analysis.

MODAL LOGIC
A formal system of logic that deals with the three modalities of possibility, probability, and necessity.

PHILOSOPHICAL LOGIC
A term used to describe logic before the invention of mathematical logic.

FUZZY LOGIC
A type of logic that deals with multiple values. Derived from fuzzy set theory, it deals with approximate rather than exact reasoning.